As per analysis for previous years, it has been observed that students preparing for NEET find Physics out of all the sections to be complex to handle and the majority of them are not able to comprehend the reason behind it. This problem arises especially because these aspirants appearing for the examination are more inclined to have a keen interest in Biology due to their medical background.
Furthermore, sections such as Physics are dominantly based on theories, laws, numerical in comparison to a section of Biology which is more of fact-based, life sciences, and includes substantial explanations. By using the table given below, you easily and directly access to the topics and respective links of MCQs. Moreover, to make learning smooth and efficient, all the questions come with their supportive solutions to make utilization of time even more productive. Students will be covered for all their studies as the topics are available from basics to even the most advanced.
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**Q1.**In Fresnel’s biprism experiment is held in water instead of air, then what will be the effect on fringe width

Solution

𝛽 = (𝑎 + 𝑏)𝜆/2𝑎(𝜇 − 1)𝛼 ,𝑖.𝑒.,𝛽 ∝ 𝜆/(𝜇 − 1)

𝛽 = (𝑎 + 𝑏)𝜆/2𝑎(𝜇 − 1)𝛼 ,𝑖.𝑒.,𝛽 ∝ 𝜆/(𝜇 − 1)

When placed in water 𝛽′ ∝
𝜆/𝜇′/
(
𝜇/𝜇′−1)

𝑖.𝑒.,𝛽′ ∝
𝜆 (𝜇−𝜇′)
but < 𝜇

∴
𝛽′/𝛽
=
(𝜇 − 1) (𝜇 − 𝜇′)

∵ 𝜇′ > 1𝜆 ∴ 𝛽′ > 𝛽

𝑖.𝑒., the fringe width increases

**Q2.**The radiation pressure (in 𝑁/𝑚

^{2}) of the visible light is of the order of

Solution

In 1903, the American scientists Nicols and Hull measured the radiation pressure of visible light. It was found to be of the order of 7 × 10

In 1903, the American scientists Nicols and Hull measured the radiation pressure of visible light. It was found to be of the order of 7 × 10

^{-6}𝑁/𝑚^{2}**Q3.**. Two stars are situated at a distance of 8 light year from the earth. These are to be just resolved by a telescope of diameter 0.25 m. If the wavelength of light used is 5000Å, then the distance between the stars must be

Solution

Limit of resolution of the telescope 𝑎 = 1.22𝜆 / 𝑎 = 𝑑/𝑥 Or 𝑑 = 1.22𝜆 𝑥 /𝑎 = (1.22 × 5 × 10

Limit of resolution of the telescope 𝑎 = 1.22𝜆 / 𝑎 = 𝑑/𝑥 Or 𝑑 = 1.22𝜆 𝑥 /𝑎 = (1.22 × 5 × 10

^{-7}× 8 × 10^{16}) /0.25 = 1.95 × 10^{11}m

**Q4.**In Young’s double slit experiment, one of the slit is wider than other, so that amplitude of the light from one slit is double of that from other slit. If 𝐼𝑚 be the maximum intensity, the resultant intensity I when they interfere at phase difference 𝜙 is given by

Solution

Let 𝐴

Let 𝐴

_{1}= 𝐴_{0}, Then 𝐴_{2}= 2𝐴_{0} Intensity 𝐼 ∝ 𝐴

^{2} Hence 𝐼

_{1}= 𝐼_{0},𝐼^{2}= 4𝐼_{0}We have 𝐼 = 𝐼

_{0}+ 4𝐼_{0}+ 2√𝐼_{0}× 4𝐼_{0}cos𝜙For 𝐼max,cos𝜙 = 1

Hence 𝐼

_{m}= 9𝐼_{0}or 𝐼_{0}= 𝐼_{0}/9 When phase difference is 𝜙 then

𝐼 = 𝐼

_{0}+ 4𝐼_{0}+ 2√4𝐼_{0}^{2}cos𝜙= 𝐼

_{0}+ 4𝐼_{0}(1 + cos𝜙)= 𝐼

_{0}(1 + 8cos^{2}𝜙/2 ) [∵ 1 + cos𝜙 = 2cos^{2}𝜙/2 ] =
𝐼

_{m}/ 9 (1 + 8cos^{1}𝜙/2)**Q5.**Air has refractive index 1.0003. The thickness of air column, which will have one more wavelength of yellow light (6000Å) than in the same thickness of vacuum is

Solution

**2mm****Q6.**In Young’s double slit experiment, the 7

^{th}maximum wavelength 𝜆

_{1}is at a distance 𝑑1 and that with wavelength 𝜆

_{2}is at a distance 𝑑

_{2}.Then (𝑑

_{1}/𝑑

_{2}) is

Solution

From 𝑥 = 𝑛𝜆 𝐷/𝑑

From 𝑥 = 𝑛𝜆 𝐷/𝑑

𝑑1 = 7𝜆1
𝐷/𝑑

𝑑2 = 7𝜆2
𝐷/𝑑

∴
𝑑1/𝑑2
=
𝜆1/𝜆2

**Q7.**The angular resolution of a 10 cm diameter telescope at a wavelength of 5000Å is of the order of

Solution

Angular resolution = 1.22𝜆/𝑑

Angular resolution = 1.22𝜆/𝑑

=
(1.22 × 5000 × 10

^{-10})/(10 × 10^{-2}) = 6.1 × 10^{-6}^{ }≈ 10

^{-6}rad

**Q8.**What is the path difference of destructive interference

Solution

For destructive interference path difference is odd multiple of 𝜆 2

For destructive interference path difference is odd multiple of 𝜆 2

**Q9.**A beam of electron is used in an 𝑌𝐷𝑆𝐸 experiment. The slit width is d. When the velocity of electron is increased, then

Solution

Momentum of the electron will increase. So the wavelength (𝜆 = ℎ/𝑝) of electrons will decrease and fringe width decreases as 𝛽 ∝ 𝜆

Momentum of the electron will increase. So the wavelength (𝜆 = ℎ/𝑝) of electrons will decrease and fringe width decreases as 𝛽 ∝ 𝜆

**Q10.**In Young’s double slit experiment, angular width of fringes is 0.20° for sodium light of wavelength 5890 Å. If complete system is dipped in water, then angular width of fringes becomes

Solution

Angular fringe width 𝜃 = 𝜆/𝑑 ⇒ 𝜃 ∝ 𝜆

Angular fringe width 𝜃 = 𝜆/𝑑 ⇒ 𝜃 ∝ 𝜆

𝜆

_{𝑤}= 𝜆_{𝑎}/𝜇_{𝑤}So 𝜃𝑤 =
𝜃air/ 𝜇

_{𝑤}= 0.20/ (4 /3) = 0.15°